Articles on Testosterone

FSH – Follicle Stimulating Hormone

Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) is a hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland (a small endocrine gland in the base of the brain). Once secreted in men, it stimulates the testes to produce testosterone and sperm. Thus, FSH plays a vital role in the hormonal status and reproductive ability of men. Abnormal levels (levels that… Read more

LH – Luteinizing Hormone

Luteinizing Hormone (LH) is a hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland (a small endocrine gland in the base of the brain). Once secreted in men, it stimulates the testes to produce testosterone, which acts as the primary male hormone and is essential for the production of sperm.1 Similar to follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), which… Read more

Gynecomastia – Male Breast Enlargement

Gynecomastia is breast enlargement in males due to benign (non-cancerous) breast tissue growth. It is caused by an imbalance between testosterone and estrogen. In other words, there is too much estrogen relative to testosterone. It can be physically uncomfortable, psychologically distressing, and may have a negative impact on self-confidence and body image. Male breast tissue… Read more

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) and Testosterone Therapy

Testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) suppresses the natural production of testosterone by the testes. It also reduces sperm production. In most men, it reduces sperm production to levels below what is necessary for fertility. As a result, most men on testosterone therapy are infertile. While this side effect may not concern certain men, men looking to… Read more

Anastrozole (Arimidex) for Men on Testosterone Therapy

The following article discusses the subject of co-administering anastrozole with testosterone therapy. As a note, The Endocrine Society currently does not recommend for or against the use of anastrozole. Some physicians do prescribe it to mitigate symptoms of high estradiol levels, like gynecomastia and edema. With this being said, estradiol plays an important role, even… Read more

Testosterone Nasal Gel

Testosterone nasal gel delivers testosterone directly into the nostril. Natesto is the only FDA approved nasal testosterone replacement therapy. It is administered three times daily once in the morning, once in the afternoon and once in the evening (6 to 8 hours apart). According to the Phase 3 clinical trials for FDA approval, the average… Read more

Quantitative Androgen Deficiency in Aging Males ADAM Questionnaire

Quantitative Androgen Deficiency in Aging Males (qADAM) Questionnaire The following quantitative ADAM questionnaire assesses whether or not you should ask your doctor about low testosterone. Question Answer 1) How would you rate your libido (sex drive)? Terrible Poor Average Good Excellent 2) How would you rate your energy level? Terrible Poor Average Good Excellent 3)… Read more

Testosterone Replacement Therapy (TRT) and the Heart

Testosterone Replacement Therapy (TRT) and the Heart The Misconception Historically, a major concern about testosterone replacement therapy was that it was potentially harmful to the heart. Testosterone has traditionally been regarded as a hormone that is harmful to the heart.     Why the Misconception? This misconception stems from the belief that testosterone causes heart disease…. Read more