Is it ok to begin a resistance exercise program if I have high blood pressure?
Men with high blood pressure or men who are taking antihypertensive medication have a positive coronary heart disease risk factor (Coronary Heart Disease Risk Factors). [High blood pressure is defined as systolic BP > 140 mm Hg or diastolic BP > 90 mm Hg measured on two separate occasions.]
If read more
Compared to women, men undergo a greater decrease in food intake over their lifespans.1 In fact, by their seventieth birthday most men consume nearly 1000 kcal to 1200 kcal less than they did during their period of peak consumption (typically late teens to early twenties).2 This decrease in food intake can lead to vitamin deficiency. Additionally, there are many other potential causes of vitamin deficiencies in men of all ages.
Vitamin deficiency can increase an individual’s risk of various diseases, including cardiovascular disease, cancer, and osteoporosis.3 Consult read more
The abdominal wall is composed of 3 major muscle groups: the rectus abdominis, the obliques, and the transversus abdominis. Each group is shown below along with a brief description.
Abdominal/core exercises will train these muscles either in isolation, working to correct areas of isolated weakness, or in combination, working to strengthen motions that resemble everyday movements. The exercises that follow are grouped according to the major muscle group they work. A complete set of abdominal exercises can be found in read more
January 31st, 2014
On January 31st, 2014, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) released a statement saying that it is investigating the risk of stroke, heart attack, and death in men taking FDA-approved testosterone products. Additional major updates to this topic are presented below in chronological order.
"We have been monitoring this risk and decided to reassess this safety issue based on the recent publication of two separate studies that each suggested an increased risk of cardiovascular events among groups of read more
Testosterone Replacement Therapy (TRT) and the Heart
Historically, a major concern about testosterone replacement therapy was that it was potentially harmful to the heart. Testosterone has traditionally been regarded as a hormone that is harmful to the heart.
Why the Misconception?
This misconception stems from the belief that testosterone causes heart disease. Additionally, the high doses of testosterone used by bodybuilders can damage the heart, leading to a variety of diseases and read more
Oral preparations of testosterone come in a pill form and are ingested. However, there is currently no oral testosterone form approved by the FDA for use in the United States. Therefore, orally available testosterone has no place in testosterone replacement therapy in the US. Most oral forms available on the underground market may cause significant liver damage and should be avoided. The reason that this form of testosterone read more
Testosterone gel delivers a steady dose of testosterone through daily skin applications. These gels are a relatively convenient and effective method of administering testosterone replacement therapy for men with low testosterone.1-9
Transdermal forms of testosterone are relatively new. They were first introduced in the US in 2000. Most forms are only available under a brand name. As a result, testosterone gels are typically more expensive than injectable testosterone, which is available in generic forms.
Testosterone read more
Gynecomastia is breast enlargement in males due to benign (non-cancerous) breast tissue growth. It is caused by an imbalance between testosterone and estrogen. In other words, there is too much estrogen relative to testosterone. It can be physically uncomfortable, psychologically distressing, and may have a negative impact on self-confidence and body image.
Male breast tissue contains receptors for androgens read more
Obesity can negatively affect essentially any and every system in the body. Potential obesity risks include cardiovascular, psychiatric, respiratory, gastrointestinal, endocrine, muscoloskeletal, and seuxal problems. Additional details about each specific risk are included both in the image and article below.
Eating read more
Fasting blood glucose is a measure of the quantity of glucose present in an individual’s blood stream after abstaining from eating for at least eight hours.1 This test is used to screen for diabetes. Levels less than 100 mg/dL are considered normal. Levels between 100 and 125 mg/dL indicate impaired glucose tolerance (aka pre-diabetes). Levels above 125 mg/dL indicate diabetes.
The chart below provides fasting read more